Graphene is a honeycomb-like form of carbon that is just one atom thick. Graphane is produced when hydrogen atoms are added to both sides of the graphene matrix, making graphane an insulator.
Rice University scientists have discovered that the strategic extraction of hydrogen atoms from a two-dimensional sheet of graphane opens up hexagonal spaces of pure graphene that look and act like quantum dots. Quantum dots interact with light and magnetic fields in unique ways and can be used for chemical sensors, solar cells, medical imaging and nanoscale circuitry.
Abhishek K. Singh, Evgeni S. Penev, Boris I. Yakobson. Vacancy Clusters in Graphane as Quantum Dots. ACS Nano, 2010; : 100513111745088 DOI: 10.1021/nn1006072